Dispelling the Lies and Bringing You the Truth about the Attacks on Cape Girardeau’s Confederate Monument

Sign the petition to save Cape Girardeau, Missouri’s Confederate Monument to the Men of Southeast Missouri

Contact Cape Girardeau Mayor Bob Fox

General Lyon’s threat to kill every MAN, WOMAN & CHILD rather than work with the state government to maintain peace & neutrality:

Planter’s House Hotel Meeting

Tuesday June 11, 1861

At the insistence of Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, he, General Sterling PriceNathaniel Lyon, and Frank Blair meet at the Planter’s House Hotel in St. Louis to negotiate a peaceful settlement of Missouri’s status during the secession crisis. Lyon, freshly promoted to brigadier general and to command of the Department of the West, instead says that rather than see a loss of Union control, “I would see you, and you, and you, and you, [pointing to each man in the room] and every man, woman, and child in the State dead and buried. This means war. In an hour one of my officers will call for you and conduct you out of my lines.” With that statement, Lyon makes it clear that he will stop at nothing to keep Missouri squarely in the Union. – Civil War On the Western Border

KFVS-12 story about Cape Girardeau’s Historic Preservation Commission recommending the removal of Cape Girardeau’s Confederate Monument

What this story doesn’t tell you is that while the public was allowed to attend the meeting NO public input was allowed also not reported is the fact that the commission that ruled the monument lost its “historical integrity” when it was moved to the courthouse grounds in 1995. However; the reason it was moved is because of plans to build a new bridge and destroy the old bridge on Morgan Oak street the monument had to be moved. The Cape Girardeau Historical Commission and the local media sought to give the meeting an air of legitimacy when it was all a farce!

Cape Girardeau’s Historical Preservation Commission Meeting Was Rigged!

A screenshot from Sophia Voss’s petition to remove Cape Girardeau’s Confederate monument makes it clear the commission was biased. Voss states that the commission is on her side.

“Midwest Hipster”: A look into the mind of Sophia Voss (the young woman who started the petition to remove Cape Girardeau’s Confederate monument.
Plaque at Iver’s Square which states Cape’s Confederate monument was moved because of plans to destroy the old bridge. Plaque also falsely states that Missourian’s fought for the Confederacy to create a slave holding republic. Missourians fought for the Confederacy did so because General Nathaniel Lyon threatened to kill every man, woman & child in the state.

In Words of Missouri Slaves:

Interview with Charlie Richardson,
Webb City, Missouri,
by Bernard Hinkle, Jasper County, Joplin, Mo:

Do you remember much about the war

Charlie?

“Not very much. I was only seven then, but I remembers that those Bushwackers came to steal my Marster’s money but he wouldn’t tell where he hid it. Said he didn’t have any. They said he was telling a lie ’cause no man could have so many slaves and not have some money. He did have 150 slaves but he wouldn’t tell where the money was hid. So they burned his feet, but he still wouldn’t tell ’em he had hid it in the orchard. No Sah! He jest didn’t tell. Them Bushwackers though, were not so bad as them Union soldiers. They took all our horses and left us old worn out nags; even took my horse I use to ride.”

Interview with “Aunt” Ann Stokes,
91 Years old, Caruthersville, Missouri
:

One of the most interesting characters of all Pemiscot County today is an old negro called “Aunt” Ann Stokes. She was born a slave “out hyar at Cottonwood Pint in 1844, a

year of high water”. Nineteen thirty-six brings her to her ninety third year; all of which have been spent in Pemiscot County, except for an occasional visit to relatives.

You cud allas hyar de Yankees at Kennett or Hornersville wen day’s aroun’. One day I’ze over to see Melindy and I say:

‘Melindy, does you all hyar sompin? Soun’ like de Yankees, look out de winder and see if you sees anything.’

“She say, ‘I don’ see nothin’. Dey ain’t no Yankees aroun’ hyar.’

Well, I jest sit thar ’till I caint stan’ it no more. I gets up and looks out de winder myself.

Thar dey come down de road and I knows theys Yanks ’cause I see de blue ob de coats.

Pretty soon dey ride up to de house. Dey yell out:

“You all got any Gurrillers aroun’ hyar?”

“‘No suh!’ sez I, ‘Taint non aroun’ hyar.”

“Know Mr. Douglass?’, he say pointin’ his finger to a house ‘cross de prairie.”

‘’Yes suh,’ siz I, ‘I knows him wen I sees Him.”

“Has he got any Gurrillers thar?”

“‘I don’t know, suh.’

“‘Wal, thars a collad girl thar ain’t they?’

‘’Yes suh, but I don’ go round her no mo. We ain’t speakin’. Reckon I ain’t been on Mr. Douglasses place foah six month. I don’t know nothin’ ’bout it. You all better go see fur Youshsevs.”

He leab den an ride ovah to Douglasses place. I seen Bud come out in de yard. He call Bud ovah to de fence and talk to him. ‘Bout dat time I see men comin’ out de back ob de house an chargin’ ovah de fence into de thicket whar warn’t nothin’ but lots ob trees, tare blanket, an blackberry bushes. Right den and dare dey had a scrummage. De Yanks set fire to ever’ buildin’ on de place. De blaze wuz a-goin’ up to de elements! Not a thing did they take out obde house ceptin’ feather bed for a wounded Yankee. Mr. Douglass, he hear about de shootin’.

He tuk to de woods an stay fur a spell.”

Interview with Mrs. Tishey Taylor,
age 77, Poplar Bluff, Missouri
:

“Them ‘Blue Coats’ (Northern Soldiers), wus lots meaner than the ‘Brown Coats (Gray), in the South. Them ‘Blue Coats’ come in and steal your chickens and cook them over your fireplace and eat them right ‘fore your eyes.”

What is the plan of those wishing to destroy monuments? Read “The Communist Takeover of America- 45 Declared Goals:

Goal #22:

“Continue discrediting American culture by degrading all forms of artistic expression. An American Communist cell was told to “eliminate all good sculpture from parks and buildings, substitute shapeless, awkward and meaningless forms.”

Read President Donald J. Trump’s Executive Order About The Destruction and Vandalizing of Monuments

While President Trump’s executive order maintains that governments may erect or take down monuments it prohibits the use of unlawful force in doing so, increases penalties for those who do so, and reserves the right to withhold federal funding to entities who do not try to protect the monuments from anarchists. By not allowing public input at its meeting and recommending the immediate removal of Cape Girardeau’s Confederate monument, Cape Girardeau’s Historic Preservation Commission has attempted to circumvent the rule of law. Sophia Voss (who started the petition to remove the monument) has stated publicly that Cape’s Historic Preservation Committee is on her side. Recently the Cape Girardeau Confederate monument was vandalized with the words “Black Lives Matter” written upon it. The city has failed to protect the monument and therefore has violated President Trump’s executive order.

Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set” –Proverbs 22:28

An Example of a Different Time

The March 14, 1929 Greenville Sun newspaper [Greenville, Missouri] contained a story that would spark outrage by today’s standards. The headline read “Nigger Minstrel Saturday Night” which announced a comedy show which featured “The Black Face Boys” and guaranteed that the performance would make each and every audience member “forget their troubles.”

Of course this was a much different time in American history. A time in which “black face” performances were a popular and accepted form of comedy.

Thu, Mar 14, 1929 – 1 · Greenville Sun (Greenville, Missouri) · Newspapers.com

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The Fate of Adam Bollinger

In my previous post I talked about Adam Bollinger a former slave who was arrested for the murder of a fellow slave in 1862.

This was a unique case in Missouri courts as Bollinger offered a brilliant defense stating that if he was considered property in 1862, how could one piece of property murder another piece of property?

I had not found what fate befell Adam Bollinger but thanks to an inquisitive reader we now have the answer!

According to the Case Law Access Project at Harvard Law School:

“The State’s Bight of Appeal in Criminal Cases. Where a motion in arrest of judgment in a criminal case has been sustained, and the prisoner ordered discharged, on the ground that at the time of the commission of the offense the defendant was a slave, and as such not liable to punishment, the State cannot appeal. Her right of appeal.is limited to those cases, where, either on motion to quash, on demurrer or on motion in arrest of judgment, the indictment has been adjudged to b.e insufficient either in form or substance. *578Appeal from, Madison Circuit Court. — Hon. ¥m. N. Nalle, ■Judge. J. L. Smith, Attorney-General, for the State. Duchouquette § Fox for respondent.” State v. Bollinger, 69 Mo. 577 (1879)”

Thank You to our helpful reader!

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A Pre-War Predicament in Post-War Fredericktown

The January 8, 1879 issue of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat carried a fascinating story which was originally published in the Fredericktown [Missouri] Plaindealer.

The story involves a former slave named Adam Bollinger who murdered another slave named “Jack” (no last name was provided in the report) in 1862.

According to the paper both men had wives and “Jack” had become a little too familiar with Adam’s wife. One day as they were leaving the field at the end of the day Adam Bollinger chased “Jack” who fell trying to escape at which time Adam stabbed “Jack” to death with a butcher knife.

The paper reported that Adam Bollinger had been living in St. Louis, Missouri for nearly 16 years under the name of John Allen and that it was the son of the late “Jack” who had vowed to find Adam and see that he paid for his crime.

In an ironic twist Adam Bollinger brought up the fact that the murder had happened when both he and “Jack” were slaves and since they were both considered “property” at the time asked the question, “Could being property, like a horse, be any more guilty of killing a slave likewise property, than one horse in killing another horse?”

The paper stated that the Supreme Court had never tried such a case. I will be on the “lookout” for what fate befell Adam Bollinger.

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More Gold in Southeast Missouri

From the February 4, 1862 Daily Missouri Democrat

I posted an article on January 28, 2020 in which I talked about gold discovered in Dallas (present day Marble Hill) Bollinger County, Missouri in 1866. Recently I discovered that gold has been found elsewhere in Southeast Missouri in 1862. The February 4, 1862 issue of The Daily Missouri Democrat contains information about the discovery of gold in neighboring Madison County, Missouri.

I don’t know if the evidence of gold in the area ever resulted in any additional prospecting but I am confident that further research of the archives of the time will result in more information of the subject.

Below is the (very lengthy) article.

Gold discovered in Madison County, MissouriGold discovered in Madison County, Missouri Tue, Feb 4, 1862 – 1 · The Daily Missouri Democrat (St. Louis, Missouri) · Newspapers.com Gold discovered in Madison County, Missouri: Part 2Gold discovered in Madison County, Missouri: Part 2 Tue, Feb 4, 1862 – 1 · The Daily Missouri Democrat (St. Louis, Missouri) · Newspapers.com

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Hypocrisy of the New York Daily Herald

Snitches, abusive jailers and a defense attorney who made international headlines in a murder-for-hire plot. This is the stranger than fiction, true life story of Delaware County, Oklahoma.

The December 31, 1862 edition of the New York Daily Herald contained much information about the situation in Missouri. Among the reports of guerrilla warfare activities and false reports that the Confederates had retaken Columbus, Kentucky is a report of a minister at a St. Louis Church who was expelled for claiming he was “neutral” on the issue of the war. Also in the report in which the New York Daily Herald calls abolitionists in Missouri “nigger worshipers”.

There has been much condemnation in the press regarding Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who called for reconciliation in the country after the war was over and Confederate symbols in general, “racism” is always the excuse but the December 31, 1862 issue of the Daily Herald serves as an example of Northern views on religion (placing the government above the church) as well as race.

Northern hands are not clean on the subject of race, yet symbolism of the United States government is never called into question.

Wed, Dec 31, 1862 – 1 · New York Daily Herald (New York, New York) · Newspapers.com

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More on Will Mayfield College

On the September 13, 1929 the Republic Tribune (Union, Missouri) carried a lengthy article about the Will Mayfield College stating that:

“Due to hard times in the Mississippi Valley the Will Mayfield College of Marble Hill, Missouri had some hard struggles this last year and there was some doubt in the minds of many as to the future of Will Mayfield.”

Despite the doubt of many about the forthcoming year the headline of the paper read “Will Mayfield College Opened With Fine Attendance.”

Will Mayfield College, Marble Hill, MoWill Mayfield College, Marble Hill, Mo Fri, Sep 13, 1929 – Page 4 · Republican Tribune (Union, Missouri) · Newspapers.com

More Murder in Bollinger County, Missouri

On July 17, 1885 Grainfield, Kansas’s newspaper, the Grainfield Cap Sheaf, reported the capture of a Bollinger County, Missouri murderer.

According to the paper, a man by the last name of Salisbury had went to another farmer’s residence and “cooly called him out”, informing him that he was going to kill him. Salisbury shot the farmer in the leg, demanded he stand back up and delivered a second fatal shot. The paper reported that the murder had taken place seven years prior and was said to be over a dispute of stock.

Salisbury then traveled to Kansas and was ultimately tracked down when he sold his property in Missouri. He was also suspected of taking part in another murder in Kansas.

Fri, Jul 17, 1885 – 1 · Grainfield Cap Sheaf (Grainfield, Kansas) · Newspapers.com

The Last of the Moonshiners

The July 13, 1878 St. Louis Globe-Democrat published an article entitled “The Last of the Moonshiners” about John Bollinger, a moonshiner who was over 70 years of age. Bollinger might have been in “advanced age” as the paper describes him, but he still had plenty of fight left in him. The paper stated , “When captured Bollinger was very violent in his language toward the officers and swore that if he had been at the distillery when they came they never would have taken it; he would have shot them down like dogs.”

Last of the Moonshiners in Bollinger CountyLast of the Moonshiners in Bollinger County Sat, Jul 13, 1878 – 7 · St. Louis Globe-Democrat (St. Louis, Missouri) · Newspapers.com

More Post-War Lawlessness in Bollinger County, Missouri

In post-war Bollinger County, Missouri lawlessness prevailed. It seems with little opportunity many turned to distilling corn liquor or “moonshine”. Before the war it was not illegal to do so but after the war it was considered to be against the law due to the fact that the government did not get “its share” through taxation.

There are several accounts in newspaper archives from throughout the United States about the crackdown on illegal distilleries in the county. It was not uncommon for federal authorities to make appearances and arrests.

It was also not uncommon for the citizens to intervene in the apprehension of moonshiners. Sometimes they were successful, other times not so much. The May 22, 1871 issue of the Chicago Tribune carries the story of an unsuccessful attempt to free prisoners from Federal authorities.

Post War Lawlessness in Bollinger County, MissouriPost War Lawlessness in Bollinger County, Missouri Mon, May 22, 1871 – 2 · Chicago Tribune (Chicago, Illinois) · Newspapers.com Mon, May 22, 1871 – 2 · Chicago Tribune (Chicago, Illinois) · Newspapers.com